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Ph.D / MPhil Research

Desh Bhagat University

Research Policy

Policy Guidelines for Research Initiation Grant / Seed Grant Scheme

Desh Bhagat University has laid down the policy guidelines to boost research development among the faculty members and for creation of knowledge through research.

Introduction

As per the mission of the university i.e Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship the university aims to contribute to India becoming a global knowledge superpower through quality education, research and innovation. In order to achieve this goal, the University’s seeks to strengthen research and innovation activities in the university by motivating the faculty members who may not get external funding in the beginning of their research career. For this, it is desirable to have Seed money scheme. This will enable an early start of research work until sponsored projects from outside agencies are secured by the faculty.

Eligibility

  • The applicant must be a full time faculty at the University.
  • Seed money will be provided for only one minor project/business idea.
  • The project can be submitted by the individual faculty member or jointly with another faculty member of the University.
  • Seed money will be permitted for presenting research papers &attending seminar/workshop/conferences. The faculty will be allowed duty leave for the same and for expert talk, viva voce conduction as external expert. The duty leave will be as per below:
ExperienceNo of duty leave
2 years plus2
5 years plus4
8 years plus6
Directors/ Senior Faculty8

Committee Composition

In case of research activities, the following will be the composition of the committee:

  • Chairperson : Dean Research
  • Director of concerned department
  • HOD of concerned department
  • Concerned faculty (undertaking the proposal /applied for seed money)
In case of business plan, the following will be the composition of the committee:
  • Chairperson: senior member IEDC
  • HOD of the department
  • Senior faculty from allied field
  • Concerned faculty (undertaking the proposal /applied for seed money)

Distribution of Seed Money

  • The research proposals where lab requirements are there will be permitted Rs 10,000 as seed money and where there is no lab requirement Rs. 5000 will be allocated as seed money to the concerned faculty.
  • In case of business proposals (IEDC): Minimum amount which will be permitted as seed money will be 10,000/- and maximum Rs. 1 lac depending upon the proposal and its evaluation.
  • Seed money distribution for presenting research paper in seminar/conferences/workshops will be as below:
Type of seminarNationalInternational (within the country)International (outside the country)
Amount to be sanctioned as Seed moneyRs 5000( include registration fee+ 2nd class train fare)Rs 10,000(include registration fee+ 2nd class train fare)Rs 25,000(include registration fee+ 2nd class train fare)

Outcome of the seed money Grant

  • The outcome of the project should be in the form of a publication, patent or a product/technology.
  • The faculty allowed sanction of seed money for presenting research paper in seminar/conference, for expert talk/ viva voce to submit the certificate

Declaration by the candidate

Principal Investigator (PI) / Faculty permitted seed money will not leave the university for two years after completion of the project.

Consultancy Policy Guidelines

Policy Guidelines for Consultancy :

Short Title, Application and Commencement

These Guidelines may be called as Desh Bhagat University Consultancy guidelines. These Guidelines shall apply to all the Faculty Members of Desh Bhagat University from the date of notification.

Definition

A consultancy project is a type of request received from the industry/NGO/retailers for carrying out an investigation / research / design referred to/by the Director/DOR/ Head of the Department to suitable faculty members for providing a solution to a problem.

Types of Consultancy

  • Department Consultancy Project
  • When a concerned department takes a project it is known as Departmental Consultancy Project. If a project is referred to an individual faculty member, it can also be taken up as Departmental Consultancy Project at the request of the faculty member. Consultancy Project involving multi disciplinary/ inter departmental inputs or requiring use of extensive institutional facilities, likewise projects which are expected to run for a long period may be considered by a department to be taken up as Departmental Consultancy Project. A Departmental Consultancy Project will have at least two investigators drawn from one or more departments.
  • Individual Consultancy Project
  • When a a consultancy projects is taken up by a faculty member on behalf of Department / Institute it will be treated as Individual Consultancy Project.
  • Type-I Consultancy Projects
  • When no laboratory facilities of the Departments/Institute are required that Consultancy Projects will be classified as Type-I Consultancy Projects.
  • Type-II Consultancy Projects (involving Lab. facility, etc).
  • When laboratory facilities of the Departments/Institute are involved that consultancy Projects will be classified as Type-II Consultancy Projects. It include testing, measurements, calibration of equipment/ instruments and testing of materials /equipment in laboratory, field testing and measurement and research and development work using laboratory facilities, as a part of that consultancy project.

General Principle

  • Consultancy work may be undertaken in the area of expertise of the Faculty members/ Scientists or a group of experts.
  • The Consultancy services will be undertaken only with the prior permission of the University;
  • It should not interfere with the performance of primary duties by the individual as per contract of employment;
  • University should not directly or indirectly get associated with activities which are likely to be perceived internally or externally as unethical or inappropriate;
  • Failure to disclose or obtain formal approval for consultancy as required by this policy shall be regarded as a disciplinary matter.

Consultancy Procedure

Approval to undertake Consultancy Activities

Consultancy proposal should be submitted giving the details in the form attached as annexure to this policy to the Head of the department. Head will examine the proposal and submit it along with his/her recommendations to the director which will be further submitted to Dean Research. The following aspects need to be considered before recommending the proposal:

  • Extent to which consultancy related work will be undertaken by the faculty in addition to the normal duties and workload.
  • No faculty member/ Scientists shall spend consultancy days whenever there is an Institutional commitment. They may do the consultancy work, preferably on Saturdays and Sundays. Alternatively arrangement should be made for compensating non-availability of the concerned faculty during the period of consultancy.
  • The amount of expenditure needs to be estimated on account of providing Consultancy.
  • The assignment is in the interest of the University in the long run and would not adversely affect the faculties’ work at the university.

Distribution of Income

Any payment due to consultancy work will be divided into two parts: Seventy five percent (75%) of the amount will be paid to the Faculty who has submitted the consultancy proposal and the remaining thirty percent (25%) will be charged as university overhead and will be credited in the following manner:

  • Seventy percent (65%) of the amount to the University Development Fund (UDF)
  • Thirty percent (30%) to the concerned faculty Professional Fund (PDF).
  • Five percent (5%) to the Intellectual Property Rights Facilitating Fund (IPRFF).
If consultancy is departmental (involving two persons) then the distribution of fund will be:

37.5% to the Principal consultant
37.5 % to the Co- Consultant
30% university overhead
The following additional conditions would apply:

  • The payment will be as per 75% in the name of Consultant and 25% in name of Registrar of the university, provided a prior approval letter signed by both is sent to the institution/organization that will be offered the consultancy.
  • The consultant is required to submit the Utilization Certificate.

Maintenance of Consultancy Fund

A separate account for each Consultancy Assignment shall be maintained by the Accounts Department under the following heads:

  • The total money received
  • Service Taxes
  • Net contracted amount(a-b)
  • Total expenditure
  • Balance amount(c-d)
  • Faculty share – 2/3rd of(e)
  • University share – 1/3rd(e)
  • Preparation of report
  • Stationary etc.
  • Expenses for work to be carried out on payment basis.
  • Expenses on account of use of university resources
  • Any other costs considered appropriate.

Ownership of intellectual property

Depending upon the terms of contract, IPR shall be decided. However, any intellectual property arising out of consultancy work which is conceived during the execution of consultancy by the consultant alone shall vest with University

Interpretation

Should a need arises for interpretation of the any clause, the decision for the same shall lie with the Vice Chancellor and his/her decision shall be the final.

Dispute Resolution

The clause regarding dispute resolution should be in built in Memorandum of Understanding/Memorandum of Association to be entered with the party while undertaking Consultancy project. In case of any dispute remaining unresolved, it shall be dealt with by the Court of law located within the jurisdiction of the University.

Research Policy

Policy Guideliness for Research Projects

Introduction

1. Scope/ Applicability of the Policy

This is a University policy which applies to all faculties, staff and students involved in any form of research activity.

2. PolicyStatement

Desh Bhagat University is committed to be a Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Driven University and contribute to India becoming a global knowledge superpower through education, research and innovation. To attain this goal, it is imperative to pursue cutting-edge basic, targeted, and applied research in all domains/ faculty of studies in a transparent, responsible and ethical manner for advancement of knowledge and development of novel processes, technologies and products. It is equally important to ensure that the products and outcomes of such research are appropriately disseminated to reach the widest possible audience for the benefit of mankind at both national and global levels.

3. Rationale

This policy provides guidelines for conduct of research at all levels and is applicable to all full-time and contractual employees of the University as well as to scholars and students.

4. Research Objectives

Affirm research as an integral activity at theUniversity;
Maintain and enhance the quality of researchundertaken;
Maximize funding support for research through external and internal sources; create transparent, effective and efficient systems for maximizing researchoutputs;
Integrate research activities undertaken by the undergraduate , post-graduate and doctoral students with the research focus of the University in alignment with the national thrust areas;
Provide a framework for conduct of research in a transparent, socially responsible and ethicalmanner;
Ensure a facilitating environment for conduct of high-quality original research by all individuals affiliated with the University and provide continued and effective support for pursuit of researchactivities;
Translate new knowledge, innovations, technologies and tools emerging out of research conducted at University into products and processes for commercialization or for societalbenefit;
Protection of intellectual property (IP) generated as a result of research conducted at university;
Integrate research activities undertaken by the students with the research focus of theUniversity;
Create a rational, transparent and efficient system for management of all researchprocesses;
Encourage and facilitate research collaborations within different Institutes of the University along with reputed Institutes, Universities and Research Organizations both in India andabroad;
Ensure effective dissemination of research activities and achievements of the University both internally andexternally.
Enhance the research profile of the University by effective dissemination of research activities and achievements of the University at all levels to maximize the impact and recognition of research done at university at national and international levels


Policy Elaboration

All faculty members of university are expected to undertake research activities in addition to their teaching and administrative responsibilities, and should seek funding resources for the same, where appropriate. All research activities should be undertaken in compliance of the University’s obligations under legislation, and in accordance with regulatory andethical considerations.

Research Management:

There will be a two-tier management of all research activities at the University. There will be Research Advisory Committee that will have an advisory role, and an Executive Research Committeefor regular monitoring of all research activities.

The composition of the RAC will be asunder:
The Research Advisory Committee (RAC) will include 5 leading scientists from university. It will meet at least once a year to review research progress, offer critical comments and suggest corrective measures to enhance the research activities of the University. The term of the RAC will be for a period of 3 years after which the same members may be opted for another term of 3 years. The members may be replaced in case of non- availability of existing member(s) for any reason.

The role and function of the RAC will be:
To make recommendations to the academic council on matters related to research promotion and infrastructure.

Composition of RAC
Dean ResearchChairperson
Director of SchoolMembers
2 Sr.Professors(External Experts)Members
2-3 Senior FacultyMember

Sponsored Projects

Each sponsored project will be under the supervision of Principal Investigator (PI) who will be responsible for the formulation of the project proposal according to the format prescribed by the concerned funding agency.

The project proposal may include:

  • Conceptual framework
  • Review of Literature
  • Justification of problem
  • Objective of the study
  • Research design
  • Reference
  • Bibliography
  • Year wise planning of various project activities
  • Estimation of funds required for the project in the following provisional budget heads:
  • Salary of the project staff (with designations),
  • Equipment
  • Consumables
  • Travel
  • Contingency
  • Development charges( up to 20%) where development charges are not mentioned in format.
  • Identifying co-investigator(s).

Rules and Regulations:

  • All proposals for submission of research projects to the various funding agencies should be forwarded to Dean Research (with a copy to director).
  • The project proposal submitted to the Dean Research should be cleared within 10 working days.
  • All the project proposals shall include a minimum of 25% Overhead Charges (of the Total Grant of the Project) for the University..
  • Posts asked in project are on temporary basis and on a consolidated salary and it shall not exceed the total emolument at the minimum of the scale of the identical posts in the University.
  • If the project is with a non–government agency, all the terms and conditions of the project must be clearly defined.
  • If an MOU is to be signed in later stages, the exact terms and conditions of the MOU, including a summary of the Project, should be submitted to the DOR.
  • The DOR will examine the financial aspects of proposal before forwarding the proposal to the sponsoring agency. A copy of the submitted project proposal has to be retained in DOR Office.


When the project is sanctioned, a copy of the sanction letter from sponsoring agency will be retained in the DOR Office. The DOR will seek the permission of the Chancellor/ Pro Chancellor/Vice Chancellor (as the case may be) for implementation of the project, immediately after the funding agency releases/ agrees to release the quantum of assistance.

Implementation of the sanctioned Projects

  • The letter of sanctioned project and details regarding the amount sanctioned ( in various budget heads), duration of the Project and other terms and conditions should be intimated to the Accounts Branch or/and Registrar office along with a copy of the Project, if sanctioned, after revision/changes by the funding agency.
  • The distribution of funding will be 75% to PI and 25% to the university.
Funds DistributionCategory
75%PI (5% will be sanctioned as financial benefit to PI& 5% to CO-PI . Rest 65% will be utilised for purchase of equipments, consumables, travel and publication.
25%University overheads
  • The project will be undertaken only when the University receives the actual receipt of first installment of the grant sanctioned or as specified by the agency.
  • To facilitate smooth functioning of the project work the PIs of research projects may be provided with Telephone extension by the University during the tenure of the Project if funds sanctioned by the funding agency exceed Rs. 1,00,000/- (only one extension for each PI, irrespective of the number of Projects).
  • Before undertaking the projects the sponsoring agency requires to deposit the cost of the project to the university fund. The University shall assign a budget head for the disbursement of the money. The PI may be permitted to withdraw the money which is allocated for equipments, consumables, travel/ filed work and contingency, and keep in an interest earning bank account or as may be directed by the funding agency and keep its accounts. The PI shall give proposal to the Director research regarding expenditure from the project funds. The project expenditure for equipment and consumable will be maintained in a separate stock register by PI. The statement of expenditure and utilization certificate will be prepared at every financial year end by the Account office.
  • After receiving the final technical and financial project report and transfer of the non- consumables and consumables to the Department/Centre stock register, the project file will be closed .
  • All purchases shall be passed by a committee called the “Project Purchase Committee (PPC)”, for each project. The members of the committee consisting the PI (Convener), Co-PI and two members (out of which one may be from the Teaching Faculty of any allied Department). This committee proposed by the DOR and approved by the Chancellor/ Pro Chancellor/Vice Chancellor (as the case may be) shall be constituted in the beginning of the Project and would serve the entire duration of the project.
  • All type of consumables may be purchased from reputed standard Indian firms or foreign companies on the basis of quotations will be invited from all the known firms and the normal procedure for purchase shall be followed.
  • Purchase above 50,000/- shall require approval of VC prior to placing the order.
  • Supply order will be signed by the PI and Director research if the purchase is below Rs.50,000/- or by PPC if it is above Rs 50,000/-after thorough scrutiny of the quotations obtained from various suppliers. The suppliers whose quotations is the lowest the orders will be placed to it unless for some technical reasons which should be clearly stated and defended by the PPC. In case of any discrepancy, the matter shall be referred to Dean Research /VC and his decision shall be final.
  • Advances will be paid to the PI by cheques drawn in favour of the PI or in favour of the claimant as necessary. The PI will be responsible for rendering the account of such advances. The accounts of advances taken should be rendering within the period of 30 days from the date of drawing the advance. However, this shall not apply in cases of LCs where the money is always with the bank. LCs should be cleared within 30 days of receipt of equipment/material.
  • PI should sign all the bills in respect of project (including bills for advance) and sent to the Accounts Office or through Registrar office duly completed in all respects for payment. The PI will see that the bills are complete in all respects and it is his duty to see that they are in order.
  • All the payment to the various parties should be made through the PI by cheques drawn in favour of the parties concerned.
  • In respect of salary of all part time, ad-hoc, regular, daily-wage based honorarium and consolidated salary based employees of project, it will be made by cheques in the name of the concerned employees only or cash to be credited to their respective bank accounts which must be mentioned on the salary bills, duly countersigned by the concerned person and PI.
  • The TA/DA in the project for field work and visits outside Punjab (in India or Abroad) can be paid as per rules of the University or as per guidelines of the funding agency to the PI, Co-PI and Project staff as well as Ph.D. students working on jobs related to the Project work upon approval and justification by the PI. Regular staff has to be paid as per funding agency norms and a letter of their not working has to be submitted to sponsoring agency every month.
  • Note: The Account Office should make the University rules available to each PI in this respect.
  • After the approval by DoR and on recommendation by the concerned Head of the Department the period spent by the PI, Co-PI and Project Staff on field work or collaborative work in another Laboratory relating to research work of the project (in India or Abroad) should be treated on duty (provided this does not affect the teaching obligation)
  • In case the funding agency makes ad-hoc payments of the installments, the PIs may provide the break–up under different heads of the project.
  • PI should also maintain a dispatch register for every communication of project.
The following expenses can be made by the PI from her/his share of the overhead charges:
  • Infrastructure: All expenses related to Laboratory maintenance and renovation, purchase of furniture, personal computers including laptops, minor equipment costing up to Rs 50,000 and printers to be used as office equipment; repair of existing furniture, wooden work like partitions, shelves etc. flooring, making dust free rooms, water and electricity connections including labour charges, purchasing of air conditioners, invertors, voltage stabilizers, UPS and air curtains. Proper procedure of inviting quotations should, however, be followed. No structural changes can be made without the consent of the DoR and such changes can be made after certification by the University Engineering Dept.
  • Annual maintenance charges include repair and up gradation of scientific equipment, computers and peripherals, payment of /service contracts, purchase of minor accessories for equipment.
  • Cost of advertisements in newspapers for project positions as well as other notices.
  • Hiring manpower including supporting staff (typing/computer operator/accounting, etc.) subject to approval by the Director, as appropriate at University approved rates. Assistance on part time basis to Master‟s and Ph.D. students not getting any financial support can be provided on fixed honorarium basis not exceeding the 50% of CSIR/UGC fellowship amount after getting approval of the DoR.
  • Expenses to meet local, domestic or international travel, hotel expenses , DA/per diem (in addition to Hotel Expenses), registration fee towards participation of PI, Co-PI and project staff in Conferences/Symposia and on visits to other laboratories (in India and abroad) for discussions in collaborative research-work subject to prior approval of University DoR/VC .
  • All the communication facilities, including installation and periodical bill payment of telephone, intercom, fax and E-mail in office/Laboratory of the PI/Co-PI. In addition to above, charges on calls made from the mobile phone of PI and Co-PI for project work may be paid from this head up to a ceiling of Rs. 6000/- per financial year.
  • Life membership or annual membership of the academic societies directly related to the activities of the project may be claimed by PI / Co-PI.
  • Expenditure towards entertainment/hospitality/snacks/lunch etc. is allowed from the Eighty percent share of the PI from the overhead grant. Due financial prudence be exercised by the PI while incurring such expenditure and PI should certify that such bills pertain to the concerned project.

Note: The PI/Co-PI may with prior approval of DoR/VC and in consultation with Account Office, meet such expenditure as may be necessary for the smooth functioning of the Project from the P. I. share of the overhead charges of the project in view of the emergency that may arise during the work in the project, which are not covered under the above provisions.

10. Provisions For Various Posts

  • For all the appointments against the sanctioned posts in respect of various projects shall be obtained after prior approval from DOR/VC.
  • The qualifications and scales of pay/consolidated pay for all the posts will be the same as those prescribed for the corresponding posts in the University or as proposed and approved in the project. Any relaxation will require the prior approval of DoR. Creation of the posts of Professors, Associate Professors and Assistant Professors will not be accepted by the University.
  • Appointments: For appointments to the posts under the Project, applications should be invited after giving wide publicity regarding the vacancies. The guidelines for the various cases are given below
  • Not be advertised widely: The cases where the vacancies are for less than 6 months.
  • Not be advertised in the newspaper but circulated in various institutions in India including Departments of the University: The cases where the vacancies are for more than 6 months but less than one year, such posts.
  • Advertised in at least one national newspaper: In case the posts are for more than one year, the posts should be .displayed on the website of the University for at least one month. The ad-hoc appointments against different posts shall normally not continue beyond 6 months.
  • The applications will be processed by the Administration staff of the respective department and persons will be called for interview before selection committee. Administrative Staff may also take help of PI/Co-PI. Traveling allowance/ dearness allowance are not paid to the outside candidate for interview.
  • There will be a regular Selection Committee for selection of the candidates. This committee, called the “Project Appointment Committee (PAC) ‟, for each project shall consist of PI (Chairperson), V.C.'s nominee, Head of the Department, Co-PI (if any), and two members of the teaching faculty of the concerned department. This committee shall be constituted in the beginning of the project by DOR and shall serve throughout the duration of the Project. The PAC shall recommend the appointments to the posts of Junior/Senior Research Fellows, Project Fellows, Research Assistants and all other Technical and non-technical staff.
  • For recruiting Research Scientists, Research Associates and PDF, VC's nominee shall be the Chairperson of the Selection Committee. Other members of Selection Committee will be decided by DOR after taking advice from PI.
  • 7 Except in the case of appointment letters to the candidates issued by the sponsoring bodies. All other appointment letter to the selected candidates shall be issued by the DOR. A copy of the letter should be sent to HR/Account Office. The appointment letters should clearly indicate the terms and conditions of appointment.

  • In case wherein approval of the funding agency is required, the appointment letters should be issued only when the clearance in writing is received from the funding agency.
  • Appointment of the above staff will be purely on temporary basis and for the duration of the project only and the appointed staff will have no claim for regular appointment in the University on the termination of project.
  • The staff employed in the projects will be governed by the same rules and conditions of service as applicable to contractual employees in the University from time to time except in those projects where the conditions have been laid down by sponsoring body.
  • Except the sponsors specify otherwise. The leave to the members of the staff under projects will be admissible to the same extent as its admissible to the corresponding employees of the University unless the.
  • The Principal investigator will be competent to sanction leave to the extent admissible.
  • The joining report of the selected candidates should be countersigned by the Principal Investigator and forwarded to the HR office. A copy may be retained by the Principal Investigator.

Clearance of bills

  • The clearance of accounts is one of the most important aspects of smooth running of Projects. If Accounts Office has found any objections to a bill, it should be returned to the PI in a week’s time.
  • All the discrepancy if found in the bills shall be notified to the PI in a single objection note. If the bills are in order it should be cleared as early as possible and the whole process including the issue of cheques should be completed within one month of submission of the bills.
  • Accounts branch should acknowledge the receipt of note- sheets/bills of purchase.

Maintenance of Stock Registers

  • For all the assets, accession, consumable and non-consumable articles of the project there should have stock register
  • Separate account should be opened for each article purchase on separate page with full particulars unless the transactions in respect of articles are small in number, in which case a page may be utilized for recording receipts and issue for more than one article provided the accounts in respect of different articles are not mixed up on that page.
  • PI should enter all entries in the stock book.
  • Physical verification of stock should be conducted at least six months in a year. The result should be reported to the DOR.
  • All the equipments purchased specifically for each project will be the property of the University on the termination of the project.

Progress and accounts reports of the Project

Progress report should be prepare by Co-PI or PI along with the settlement of accounts which should be submitted in Account Office. After verification, the forwarding letter along with the reports and accounts should be returned to the PI for onward transmission to the funding agency. Any minor discrepancy should be solved before transmission. In case of any major discrepancy, the PI should approach the DoR to get the matter sorted out.

Final Technical, Fiscal report of the Project

The project should be closed within six months of the completion of the project. The PI should prepare final technical and fiscal report should be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the funding agency and submitted to the Accounts Branch for verification of the financial aspects and any discrepancy should be immediately removed by mutual discussions. In case of any major problems, the PI should approach the DoR.

Monetary benefits to PI

The University will extend additional financial incentives to PIs in order to recognize and reward faculty who are successful in competing for external support. The higher authority announces a program to encourage all DBU faculties to expand the base of sponsored funding by providing a percentage of Facilities &Administration (F&A) cost recovery funds back to the investigators as recognition for their success and as a means of sharing future revenue earned by their research programs. These funds may be spent at the discretion of the PI on research related activities and are intended to catalyze expansion of the university’s research enterprise. Percentage of incentive to the investigators as recognition for their success and as a means of sharing future revenue earned by their research programs.

3% of indirect cost recovery (F&A) funds generated by principal investigators in the prior fiscal year will be returned to an account in the name of that investigator beginning in next finance year. For PIs that produce incentive funds with less than Rs 20, 00,000 annually, these funds will be pooled in one department account where the PIs can charge their corresponding incentive revenue.. The incentive funds may be used for any allowable research expense except salary payments directly to the investigator. The funds will not expire and may be rolled over from year to year until they have been spent. Funds will be managed solely by the investigator. The funds can be used to start new research ventures or to enhance current research projects.

Closing of the projects

  • Statement of Accounts including expenditure and a list of articles (consumables and non- consumables) showing the year-wise receipts will be sent in triplicate to the Account Office in the prescribed Performa by PI
  • Except where the sponsoring bodies do not allow the department to retain the articles without paying them the book value of the articles. All other articles may be transferred to the Department stock register. The articles may also be auctioned in case the Department does not want these articles.
  • The list of permanent assets will be given to Head of the Department for entering the in the stock register of the Department within one months of the submission of the list. After entry into the Stock Register of the Department, the list with proper entry of the pages of the stock registers in the Performa to be supplied by the Accounts. It is mandatory for the Director/Head of the Department to enter all items in stock register and to reissue them to the teacher concerned for his research and to take back into the stores the items the PI does not want to use. It is also mandatory for the Head of the Department to move the papers for writing off of any items which none of the teachers of the Department is willing to take and has been returned to the stores from the project.
  • The PI and Head of the Department should ensure that all pieces of equipment which are obsolete/beyond repair are written off after following due process. The PIs should give this in writing as soon as situation arises. In case of any missing item/component of the items falling under this category, the cost to be recovered from the PI (when he needs no dues certificate) will be decided by DoR in consultation with Head of the Department and Account Officer.

Entrepreneurship Policy

Policy Guidelines for Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship Policy

Entrepreneurship is the process by which either an individual or a team identifies a business opportunity and acquires and deploys the necessary resources required for its exploitation. Entrepreneurs act as managers and oversee the launch and growth of an enterprise. The opportunity to become an entrepreneur requires four criteria. First, there must be opportunities or situations to recombine resources to generate profit. Second, entrepreneurship requires differences between people, such as preferential access to certain individuals or the ability to recognize information about opportunities. Third, taking on risk is a necessary. Fourth, the entrepreneurial process requires the organization of people and resources.

The exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities may include:
  • Developing a business plan
  • Hiring the human resources
  • Acquiring financial and material resources
  • Providing leadership
  • Being responsible for both the venture's success or failure
  • Risk aversion


Entrepreneurship may operate within an entrepreneurship ecosystem which often includes:
  • Government programs and services that promote entrepreneurship and support entrepreneurs and start-ups
  • Non-governmental organizations such as small-business associations and organizations that offer advice and mentoring to entrepreneurs (e.g. through entrepreneurship centers or websites)
  • Small-business advocacy organizations that lobby governments for increased support for entrepreneurship programs and more small business-friendly laws and regulations
  • Entrepreneurship resources and facilities (e.g. business incubators and seed accelerators)
  • Entrepreneurship education and training programs offered by schools, colleges and universities
  • Financing (e.g. bank loans, venture capital financing, angel investing and government and private foundation grants)

Entrepreneurial Process

To establish and run an enterprise it is divided into three parts – the entrepreneurial job, the promotion, and the operation. Entrepreneurial job is restricted to two steps, i.e., generation of an idea and preparation of feasibility report. In this article, we shall restrict ourselves to only these two aspects of entrepreneurial process.

Idea Generation

To generate an idea, the entrepreneurial process has to pass through three stages:

Germination:

Most creative ideas can be linked to an individual’s interest or curiosity about a specific problem or area of study.

Preparation:

Desh Bhagat University is committed to be a Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Driven University and contribute to India becoming a global knowledge superpower through education, research and innovation. To attain this goal, it is imperative to pursue cutting-edge basic, targeted, and applied research in all domains/ faculty of studies in a transparent, responsible and ethical manner for advancement of knowledge and development of novel processes, technologies and products. It is equally important to ensure that the products and outcomes of such research are appropriately disseminated to reach the widest possible audience for the benefit of mankind at both national and global levels.

Incubation:

This is a stage where the entrepreneurial process enters the sub-conscious intellectualization. The sub-conscious mind joins the unrelated ideas so as to find a resolution.

Feasibility study

Feasibility study is done to see if the idea can be commercially viable. It passes through two steps:

Illumination:

After the generation of idea, this is the stage when the idea is thought of as a realistic creation. The stage of idea blossoming is critical because ideas by themselves have no meaning.

Verification:

This is the last thing to verify the idea as realistic and useful for application. Verification is concerned about practicality to implement an idea and explore its usefulness to the society and the entrepreneur.

Types of Entrepreneurs

1. Innovative entrepreneurs:

These entrepreneurs have the ability to think newer, better and more economical ideas of business organisation and management. They are the business leaders and contributors to the economic development of a country.

Inventions like the introduction of a small car ‘Nano’ by Ratan Tata, organised retailing by Kishore Biyani, making mobile phones available to the common may by Anil Ambani are the works of innovative entrepreneurs.

2. Imitating entrepreneurs:

These entrepreneurs are people who follow the path shown by innovative entrepreneurs. They imitate innovative entrepreneurs because the environment in which they operate is such that it does not permit them to have creative and innovative ideas on their own.

Such entrepreneurs are found in countries and situations marked with weak industrial and institutional base which creates difficulties in initiating innovative ideas.

3. Fabian entrepreneurs:

The dictionary meaning of the term ‘fabian’ is ‘a person seeking victory by delay rather than by a decisive battle’. Fabian entrepreneurs are those individuals who do not show initiative in visualising and implementing new ideas and innovations wait for some development which would motivate them to initiate unless there is an imminent threat to their very existence.

4. Drone entrepreneurs:

Drone entrepreneurs are those individuals who are satisfied with the existing mode and speed of business activity and show no inclination in gaining market leadership. In other words, drone entrepreneurs are die-hard conservatives and even ready to suffer the loss of business.

5. Social Entrepreneur:

Social entrepreneurs drive social innovation and transformation in various fields including education, health, human rights, workers’ rights, environment and enterprise development.

Domains of Entrepreneurship

  • Agriculture
  • Medical Sciences
  • Business Management
  • Computer Sciences
  • Fine Arts
  • Media
  • Animation
  • Ayurveda
  • Information technology

Composition of Committee

  • Overall coordinator of each domain
  • One faculty as in charge of each domain
  • Student representative of each domain

Duration

The duration will depend upon the domain but basically it will be divided into following stages:

  • First two years as training and incubation phase
  • Third year as transformation from incubation to maturity phase
  • Final year as the stage of the subject being the entrepreneur

Benefits

The benefits will be divided into three subgroups:

  • University : 5% of the equity of the entrepreneur
  • Faculty: 15% of final target achieved
  • Student: rest all. Will be also provided training, infrastructure at initial stages and incubation free of cost.

Declaration by the faculty and student

  • The concerned faculty will be responsible for training and incubation of at least minimum 3 students
  • The concerned faculty will submit all details to the overall in-charge of the domain in writing quarterly.
  • The student candidate will submit a bond of minimum 5 years after being a successful entrepreneur start up.
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